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George H. W. Bush Fact Sheet

George H.W. Bush

The 41st President of the United States

Name:  George H. W. Bush

Number of terms he served: One

Year he took office: 1989

Birth Date: June 12th, 1924

Age when he took office: 63

State of Birth: Milton, Massachusetts

 Vice President: J. Danforth Quayle

What Party was he from: Republican

What was his major contribution while in office:

Bush wanted to solve a problem for the U.S., a social problem. He used “thousand points of life” to inspire Americans to reach out to those in need.  In 1990 the Thousand Points of Life was a non-profit organization to encourage American citizens to volunteer to help others. This organization was recognized by many people and it soon became a great organization for a great cause.

What did he do after he left office:

Bush and his wife retired and built a retirement home in the West Oaks community, they stayed with a friend in the Tanglewood community while it was being built. In 1993 Bush became one of three presidents to be awarded an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II. From 1993 to 1999 he was a chairman to the board of trustees of the Eisenhower Fellowship. And then from 2007 to 2009 he was a chairman of the National Constitution Center. In 2001 Bush’s eldest son, also named George Bush, became the 43rd president for two terms. George H.W. Bush is still alive today.

Did he have a nickname:

Yes, Poppy

Was he married:

Yes, Barbra Peirce

Did he have children:

Yes, five

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Lincoln Vs. Kennedy’s assasinations

John Wilkes Booth

Two presidents in our history are quite similar, on accident maybe? We will never know. Lincoln and Kennedy were two people with very similar, tragic, and well known deaths.

Lincoln’s assassin, John Wilkes Booth, and Kennedy’s assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, were very similar; on purpose or not we will never truly know. Oswald never told anyone of his plan, no one knows what he was thinking or how according to plan his assassination went. While Oswald worked alone, though, Booth had many associates. His main mistake was leaving his clues; his hotel room was full of evidence. Oswald, however, covered his tracks well besides the fact that some people, who crowded on the street to see Kennedy, thought they saw his face in the window.

Booth may have wanted everyone to know it was he who murdered the president. He chose, as did Oswald, a very public place for the assassination. The theater where Lincoln and his wife, Mary, were a part of an audience, where Booth murdered the president then went up on stage and said, “Sic semper tyrannis!” (Ever thus to tyrants!). Oswald murdered Kennedy inches from his wife, Jackie who desperately tried to piece Kennedy’s head back together. Both Jackie and Mary were in such shock they didn’t know what to do.

The new president after Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, was notified that the president had been shot and that he was now the 17th president of the United States. Ironically Lyndon B. Johnson was the president after Kennedy. Andrew Johnson allowed Mary and her children to stay in the White House until they were ready to leave, just as Lyndon Johnson did for Jackie.

Lincoln and Kenedy were two different people with very similar, tragic, and well known deaths. This matters to our history because we must recognized the tragedy and loss that America suffered twice in history.

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Ronald Reagan Fact Sheet

Ronald Reagan

The 40th President of the United States

Name:  Ronald Reagan

Number of terms he served: Two

Year he took office: 1981

Birth Date: February 6th, 1911

Age when he took office: 70

State of Birth: Tampico, Illinois

 Vice President: George H. W. Bush

What Party was he from: Republican

What was his major contribution while in office:

Just after Reagan became president he was shot by an actor named John W. Hinckley Jr. trying to win the heart of Jodie Foster. The bullet had barely missed Reagan’s heart but yet he had humor about it. Reagan wanted most to help the economics of the U.S. and to have the people less dependent on the government. And he was successful at this.

What did he do after he left office:

Reagan did a lot of public speaking after office until February 3rd, 1994 due to his diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease.  On April 13th, 1992 Reagan was assaulted. 41 year old Richard Paul Springer smashed a thirty pound crystal statue of an eagle and some flying shards of glass hit Reagan, yet he remained uninjured. Reagan died of pneumonia, caused partly by his Alzheimer’s disease, on June 5th 2004 at his home in Bel Air, California. He was the first president to die in the 21st century.

Did he have a nickname:

Yes, Dutch

Was he married:

Yes, Nancy Davis

Did he have children:

Yes, four

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Jimmy Carter Fact Sheet

Jimmy Carter

The 39th President of the United States

Name:  Jimmy Carter

Number of terms he served: One

Year he took office: 1977

Birth Date: October 1st, 1924

Age when he took office: 53

State of Birth: Plains, Georgia

 Vice President: Walter F. Mondale

What Party was he from: Democrat

What was his major contribution while in office:

The U.S. was having major economic problems due to OPEC, the Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries, raising prices of oil. This lead to gas shortages in the U.S, a disaster for automakers. Because of the high gas prices people would buy small Japanese cars instead of the ‘gas guzzlers’. Three hundred thousand automakers lost their jobs, but Carter thought he had a solution. It was an energy bill, and took eighteen months for it to be passed. Finally it was passed in November 1978 

What did he do after he left office:

Carter was one of four presidents to receive a Nobel Prize, along with  Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and Barak Obama. He also became a diplomat after office. He visited North Korea, the Middle East, Africa, Vietnam, the Elders, and the Americas. Carter is still alive today and will be 93 years old on October 1st, 2017.

Did he have a nickname:

Yes, Hot

Was he married:

Yes, Eleanor Rosalynn Smith

Did he have children:

Yes, four

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Gerald R. Ford Fact Sheet

Gerald R. Ford

The 38th President of the United States

Name:  Gerald R. Ford

Number of terms he served: three years

Year he took office: 1974

Birth Date: July 14th 1913

Age when he took office: 61

State of Birth: Omaha, Nebraska

 Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller

What Party was he from: Republican

What was his major contribution while in office:

After the Vietnam war the U.S. economy plummeted and unemployment was almost as bad as it was during the Great Depression. Arab oil productions decided to cut off oil imports in the U.S. as a punishment for helping Israel in the war. So within a year gasoline prices rose by about seventy percent. Ford’s solution was WIN (Whip Inflation Now), but it never really started up.

What did he do after he left office:

Ford stayed active after his presidency, he was a member of the Council of Excellence in Government. He ran for the Republican nomination, he wanted to be President because the people voted him in not because Nixon resigned. He didn’t get the nomination and in the end supported Reagan so that Carter would not get a second term. In his retirement Ford golfed often, many times with a close friend and comedian, Bob Hope. Ford died December 26th after two miner strokes in 2000. He recovered, but his health declined over the years causing his death.

Did he have a nickname:

Yes, Mr. Nice Guy

Was he married:

Yes, Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Warren

Did he have children:

Yes, four

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Richard Nixon Fact Sheet

Richard Nixon

The 37th President of the United States

Name:  Richard Nixon 

Number of terms he served: One and one year

Year he took office: 1969

Birth Date: January 9th, 1913

Age when he took office: 56

State of Birth: Yorba Linda, California

 Vice President: Spiro T. Agnew, Gerald R. Ford

What Party was he from: Republican

What was his major contribution while in office:

Nixon lead himself to his inevitable resignation by bugging the Watergate building. While trying to be reelected Nixon had some men from his committee break into the Democrat National Committee headquarters, the Watergate building, and bug it. When he was caught Nixon denied that he knew anything about it. But his assistant said otherwise, so they had to hand over the tapes of the Oval Office conversations.

What did he do after he left office:

After Nixon’s resignation Ford wanted to pardon him, even though it would be unpopular by the people. Nixon didn’t accept right away but eventually he made up his mind. He didn’t think he committed a legitimate crime so he didn’t want to go through the troubles with the document. Ford agreed eventually and Nixon was pardoned. In 1974 he became ill and had surgery done. It was successful and he went on with his political career and being on television. In 1994 he suffered from a stroke and fell into a coma. He died four days later.

Did he have a nickname:

Yes, Tricky Dick

Was he married:

Yes, Thelma Catherine (Pat) Ryan

Did he have children:

Yes, two

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Lyndon B. Johnson Fact Sheet

Lyndon B. Johnson

The 36th President of the United States

Name:  Lyndon B. Johnson 

Number of terms he served: Two

Year he took office: 1963

Birth Date: August 27th, 1908

Age when he took office: 55

State of Birth: Stonewall, Texas

Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey

What Party was he from: Democrat

What was his major contribution while in office:

Johnson was most proud of his Voting Rights Act of all his accomplishments in office. He didn’t believe it was fair to keep voting rights from African Americans. His law helped African Americans not only be able to vote but also to help them become mayors and senates. This progressed African American rights greatly.

What did he do after he left office:

Johnson retired home to his ranch after office where he worried about his successor and what Nixon would do during the war in Vietnam. He suffered from an angina attack in 1970 which made him lose an incredible amount of weight. And he started smoking again after 15 years. His health decreased and in 1972 and he had a second heart attack, which he died from.

Did he have a nickname:

Yes, LBJ

Was he married:

Yes, Claudia Alta Taylor

Did he have children:

Yes, two

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John F. Kennedy Fact Sheet

John F. Kennedy

The 35th President of the United States

Name:  John F. Kennedy

Number of terms he served: One

Year he took office: 1961

Birth Date: May 29th, 1917

Age when he took office: 44

State of Birth: Brookline, Massachusetts

Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson

What Party was he from: Democrat

What was his major contribution while in office:

Civil rights for African Americans still lagged but Kennedy didn’t want to do anything to show his views on this subject so he didn’t offend Segregationists in the south. But Martin Luther King Jr and many other African Americans did not want to wait for their freedom, so they fought for it. Thirteen Freedom Riders walked determinedly onto the Greyhound bus and headed down south. Nearly every time the bus stopped they were beaten but they stood their ground and eventually Kennedy came to their aid, because everything the Freedom Riders were doing was legal.

What did he do after he left office:

No one really knows whether there was one assassin or multiple, in fact no one really knows why Kennedy was assassinated. The only facts are that he was shot twice, once in the throat and again in the back of his head. It is also known that a man named Lee Harvey Oswald had a part in Kennedy’s murder.

Did he have a nickname:

Yes, JFK

Was he married:

Yes, Jacqueline Lee Bouvier

Did he have children:

Yes, three

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Theodore Roosevelt should have been Vice President

Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt should have been Vice President

“We must dare to be great! And we must realize that greatness is the fruit of toil and sacrifice and high courage,” quoted by Theodore Roosevelt

During the election of 1899 for the Vice President of McKinley. Henry and many others begged Roosevelt to run for it. Roosevelt, though, didn’t want to be the Vice President. A famous phrase he once said “I do not want to be a figure head,” and claimed that he would rather be Governor again because he could do more for his country.

But while most people wanted Roosevelt as Vice President there was at least one person who didn’t. The President, William McKinley was running for his second term, told Roosevelt that he wasn’t even going to be considered to fill the spot of Vice President.

Everyone agrees that Theodore Roosevelt was wanted by the people to be the Vice President but there is some disagreement between whether Roosevelt should have been vice president or if he should not have been vice president. Roosevelt should have been vice president for three reasons; He would help McKinley win the election, he was popular in the west, and he wanted to accomplish something for his country.

The first reason Roosevelt should have been Vice President was that he helped McKinley win the election. He was from New York, a state that wasn’t voting Republican, who Roosevelt would bring over their votes. The people would rather Roosevelt than Brian, Roosevelt’s oppose. And if McKinley were to die or get impeached Roosevelt was who the people wanted to be president

The second reason Roosevelt should have been Vice President was that He was popular in the west. He was the leader of the Rough Riders, the first U.S. volunteer cavalry. He helped McKinley win the biggest victory since 1872. And the candidates voted ‘Draft R’ because he wasn’t planning on being Vice President at the time.

The third reason Roosevelt should have been Vice President was that he wanted to accomplish something for his country. He claimed that ‘I do not like to be a figure head’, meaning he wanted to be active while holding a great title. He genuinely wanted to help his country become great. He also said “Patriotism means to stand by the country. It does not mean to stand by the president or any other public official.” because he wanted to stand by his country.

While many people believe Roosevelt should have been President there were still some, such as McKinley and even Roosevelt himself at first, saying Roosevelt should not have been vice president. Roosevelt thought he could do more as Governor and that he was still young and wanted to protect his country. This is inadequate because even though some thought Roosevelt shouldn’t be Vice President many of the people wanted him to.

Another reason Roosevelt should not have been Vice President was that He liked to work. He didn’t believe the position as vice president did enough for his country. He was still young and could fight for his country still. This is inadequate because he wasn’t just the vice president he became the president after McKinley’s death and did much for his country.

Roosevelt should have been vice president because he helped McKinley win the election, he was popular in the west, and he wanted to accomplish something for his country. This matters to the people of the United States because we wouldn’t have the respectable, courageous, and zealous 16th president we remember today.

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Dwight D. Eisenhower Fact Sheet

Dwight D. Eisenhower

The 34th President of the United States

Name:  Dwight D. Eisenhower

Number of terms he served: Two

Year he took office: 1953

Birth Date: October 14th, 1890

Age when he took office: 63

State of Birth: Denison, Texas

Vice President: Richard M. Nixon

What Party was he from: Republican

What was his major contribution while in office:

On January first, 1959 Cuba fell into Dictatorship to Fidel Castro.  Castro first wanted an alliance with the U.S. but when he claimed foreign property he found much of it belonged to U.S. corporations. He claimed that it was the only way to free Cuba from imperialism. But when the U.S. stopped trading with Cuba, Castro went to the Soviet Union instead.

What did he do after he left office:

Even though Eisenhower retired he did not entirely give up his political life. He flew to San Antonio to support John Goode for Texas’ 20th Congressional District, but all unsuccessfully. He also supported Barry Goldwater, a Republican, in the 1964 Republican National Convention. At the age of 78 on March 28th, 1969 Eisenhower died of consecutive heart failure. 

Did he have a nickname:

Yes, Ike

Was he married:

Yes, Marie Geneva Doud

Did he have children:

Yes, two